Nutrition Evidence Alert – October 2022 – Migraines

Migraines – Your Monthly Alert

Our Top Pick of the Month:

Effects of Diet Based on IgG Elimination Combined with Probiotics on Migraine Plus Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Pain Research & Management. 2019

Migraines are a serious neurological condition. It is estimated that around 10 million people in the UK are affected by migraines, which can have debilitating effects. Here we get into the science behind nutrition and migraines, including diet, the utility of dietary testing such as food sensitivity and particular nutrients shown to be beneficial.

From our Expert Review Panel

Review from Daniel Quinones:

Zinc supplementation affects favorably the frequency of migraine attacks: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial in Nutrition Journal. 2020

Review from Kieran McPhail:

Dietary alteration of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids for headache reduction in adults with migraine: randomized controlled trial in BMJ (Clinical Research ed.). 2021

Keep scrolling for NED Talks, podcasts and more on nutrition and migraines

Join our guest this month, Dr Nigel Abraham, scientist from CNSLab, as he presents some of the science supporting food sensitivity testing and migraines.

10 minute listen NED Talks 4 – The Science behind IgG Food Intolerance Testing and Migraine Headaches

Our choice of podcasts with a focus on migraines

Dr Mark Hymen in conversation with Dr Todd LePine

The Functional Medicine Approach to Ending Migraine – The Doctor’s Pharmacy

Dr Rupy Ajula in conversation with Dr Jessica Briscoe and Dr Katy Munro

Eating for Migraines – The Doctor’s Kitchen

Blog posts of the month on migraines

Treating the Underlying Causes of Chronic Migraine – Institute of Functional Medicine

Decreasing Migraine Frequency with Nutrition – Institute of Functional Medicine

Your Reference Library

For practitioners, researchers, policy makers and students with particular interest in this area, here’s our long list of peer-reviewed journal articles

Effect of soy isoflavones supplementation on migraine characteristics, mental status and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) levels in women with migraine: results of randomised controlled trial in Nutrition Journal. 2022

The effects of nano-curcumin supplementation on adipokines levels in obese and overweight patients with migraine: a double blind clinical trial study in BMC Research Notes. 2022

The beneficial effect of Alpha-lipoic acid supplementation as a potential adjunct treatment in episodic migraines in Scientific Reports. 2022

Effects of Different Therapeutic Exercise Modalities on Migraine or Tension-Type Headache: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis with a Replicability Analysis in The Journal of Pain. 2022

The Clinical Use of IgG Food Sensitivity Testing with Migraine Headache Patients: a Literature Review in Current Pain and Headache Reports. 2019

Diet restriction in migraine, based on IgG against foods: a clinical double-blind, randomised, cross-over trialin Cephalalgia : an International Journal of Headache. 2010

Efficacy of mindfulness-based intervention for the treatment of chronic headaches: A systematic review and meta-analysis in Annals of Medicine and Surgery (2012). 2022

Improvement of migraine symptoms with a proprietary supplement containing riboflavin, magnesium and Q10: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter trial in The Journal of Headache and Pain. 2015

Non-pharmacological self-management for people living with migraine or tension-type headache: a systematic review including analysis of intervention components in BMJ Open. 2017

Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention for Migraine: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.). 2018

IgG-Based Elimination Diet in Migraine Plus Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain. 2012

Food allergy mediated by IgG antibodies associated with migraine in adults in Revista Alergia. 2007

A Randomized Double-Blind, Cross-Over Trial of very Low-Calorie Diet in Overweight Migraine Patients: A Possible Role for Ketones? in Nutrients. 2019

Headache Associated with Coeliac Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis in Nutrients. 2018

The effect of aerobic exercise on the number of migraine days, duration and pain intensity in migraine: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis in The Journal of Headache and Pain. 2019


Download the NED InfoBite & Fact Sheet on Migraine

Our scientific NED InfoBites are especially designed to provide you with our pick of the latest research in a handy one-page pdf, ideal for sharing with colleagues and clients within a clinical setting.

Download the InfoBite here

Discover all available InfoBites here




Our Food for your Health campaign Fact Sheets provide a simple overview of many common diseases and symptoms. Dowload the migraine fact sheet here.

Discover more about the BANT Food for your Health Campaign

As a nation, we no longer know how to eat to support our health. We need to reclaim food as the first-line defence in prevention and personal health management.

The BANT Food for your Health campaign has been launched to encourage people to look at their diet with new eyes and adopt a food-first approach to prevent diet-induced chronic illness. The importance of good nutrition, healthy food choices, and supportive lifestyle habits such as regular physical activity, sleep and stress management all combine to give individuals greater autonomy over their health outcomes. Discover a range of free resources, infographics, fact sheets and recipes here.


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